- ASHKENAZI, JUDAH SAMUEL
- ASHKENAZI, JUDAH SAMUEL (1780?–1849), Palestinian scholar. Ashkenazi went on a mission on behalf of the Tiberias community in 1820, probably to North Africa; visited Gibraltar and Italy; and paid a second visit to North Africa in 1833. Ashkenazi went to Leghorn c. 1842 in order to arrange for the publication of his works, but died there. The following are his most important works: (1) Yissa Berakhah (Leghorn, 1822), an exposition and halakhic clarification of section 22 of part 2 of the Toledot Adam ve-Ḥavvah of Jeroham b. Meshullam dealing with the laws of marriage. The continuation was not published. (2) Geza Yishai, a compendium of laws in alphabetical order (part 1, letters Alef-Yod, Leghorn, 1842). Ashkenazi was especially interested in the Sephardi prayer book. He assembled all the relevant rules and published them. (3) Beit Oved (1843), on prayers for weekdays; (4) Beit Menuḥah (1843), for the Sabbath; (5) Beit Mo'ed, part 1 (Beit ha-Sho'evah (Leghorn, 1849) for Sukkot and Simḥat Torah. He died while the book was in the process of publication, and as a result of his death the manuscript of the remaining three sections on the other festivals was lost. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Yaari, Sheluḥei, 644.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
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